Types of Neuropharmacological Agents in Treating Stutterin

Since the cause of stuttering has never been clearly defined, the use of pharmacologic agents has not been prompted since. In addition, people who stutter experience different effects of treatment prescribed medications.

As such, there are different perspectives for drug treatment has been stuttering. The etiological theories, especially in view of the experts due to stuttering as a psychological problem. Further explains that stuttering is a result of repressed or unconscious expression of the needs of internal conflicts.

Theories of stuttering later seen as a set of learned behavior resulting from psychological causes, such as fear and anxiety. There are theories that views stuttering as a genetic disorder. Scientific evidence is later developed neurological basis of motor and sensory deficits. These genetic disorders are made up of motor control deficit, a learned behavior, and psychological reasons for lack of combined stuttering.

In the above theories, several pharmaceutical companies have found drugs to cure the disease. Examples of these etiological theories of antipsychotic agents, neuroleptics, and sedatives and tranquilizers.

Antipsychotics include carbon dioxide inhalation in 1948. This would leave the management of stuttering unconscious for a moment, then psychomotor agitation. A number of associated psychological conditions such as phobias, hysteria, and disassociative states to treat carbon dioxide. However, some experiments have shown the ineffectiveness of the carbon dioxide in stuttering therapy.

Neuroleptics of the antipsychotic drugs that affect the psychomotor activity. Fortunately, no anesthesia is not sleep-inducing agents. Examples of neuroleptics are used to treat stuttering thioridaxine, trifluoperazine, and haloperidol. The experiments showed that thioridaxine and trifluoperazine reduce the severity of stuttering, but not the frequency. Meanwhile, the most effective drug haloperidol improves the symptoms are still stuttering, but it is rarely prescribed due to adverse effects such as dizziness.

As the popular theory of fear and anxiety, as a likely cause of stuttering, many experts have prescribed the use of sedatives and tranquilizers. An example of a drug already tried, but has little effect on the antihistamines, sleeping pills and anti-anxiety effect is.

Other minor tranquilizers among reserpine and Meprobamát +, Meprobamate. Both are effective in reducing anxiety and physical tension.

Meanwhile, there are also prescription medications based on symptoms and serendipitous. Some drugs are prescribed to treat the symptoms of stuttering, rather than the underlying etiology. For example, neostignine used as an effective treatment of spastic conditions in which some studies is a kind of stuttering spasm. Fortunately, some experiments showed a positive result.

In addition, verapamil is a medicine prescribed serendipitous result of a calcium-channel blocker used to treat abnormal heart rhythms. As neostignine, experiments also showed favorable results. It is believed that verapamil also reduce spasms of the muscles of articulation, which the heart muscle. Other types of cardiac medications also showed a positive effect on stuttering.

However, two important factors stuttering treatment. One, there is no single drug has proved a better approach. Second, more studies have shown positive results, these drugs do not eradicate the stutter.

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